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Japan’s Main Regions

Are you curious about the Land of the Rising Sun and its population? Moving to Japan will let you experience a country which combines traditional Asian culture with Western influences. InterNations features an overview of Japan’s main regions and the visa requirements for expats.

Where to Go

Most expats hardly ever end up in rural Japan. Instead of your living under blossoming cherry trees, relocating to Japan will rather lead you into a heavily urbanized and densely populated environment.

Japan’s coastal cities have undergone a rapid process of urbanization, commercialization, and industrialization. This is mostly due to the lack of habitable space in the mountainous areas and the demand for arable land.

When you move to Japan, your own career or your partner’s job probably means settling in the Tokyo / Yokohama conglomeration, the Kansai region (Ōsaka – Kobe – Kyōto – Nara), or the Nagoya area. Among Japan’s 47 prefectures, these places on the main island are major destinations for expatriates.

The Greater Tokyo Area

As the country’s official capital city since 1868, Tokyo is, of course, the location for diplomats and journalists. With over 13 million inhabitants, the city of Tokyo, is not only Japan’s largest urban area but also the world’s largest metropolitan economy and one of the globe’s three leading economies with regards to GDP. It is home to the Tokyo Stock Exchange and to 38 of all Fortune 500 companies, as well as countless investment banks and  insurance providers.

Moving to Tokyo also means moving to one of the most expensive cities in the world. According to the Mercer Cost of Living report 2016 Tokyo is now the 5th most expensive global city for expatriates, rising six places compared to 2015. However, Tokyo is also considered a livable megalopolis by many foreign residents. If you have the salary to afford your creature comforts, life in Tokyo can be quite enjoyable.


Yokohama, located south of Tokyo on the Tokyo Bay, has more or less merged with its slightly bigger neighbor into one giant metropolitan area. Just like its big sister Tokyo, Yokohama belies its humble origins as a small fishing village.

Yokohama is the major commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo Area and a prominent port city. While shipping is still an important business, the city has also become a center for the bio-tech, pharmaceutical, IT, electronics, and semiconductor industries. Although it is rather expensive on a global scale, it’s significantly cheaper than nearby Tokyo. No wonder that it houses a foreign population of around 87,000 residents.

The Kansai Region

Tokyo has been the financial and political brain of Japan ever since it became the seat of power under the Tokugawa shogunate. The Kansai region (also called Keihanshin), on the other hand, considers itself both Japan’s commercial “stomach” and its cultural “heart”.

The Kansai area is of great interest to expatriates for economic, academic, and cultural reasons. It includes the former merchant town of Ôsaka, which is now Japan’s third-largest city and home to leading enterprises, the cosmopolitan port of Kōbe, and the heritage of Kyōto and Nara. The Kansai area is home to over 10% of Japan’s population, and it generates about 18% of the country’s GDP which is almost equivalent to that of the Netherlands.

As an expatriate in the Kansai region, you might be working in the medical, chemical, or pharmaceutical industries, the electronics industry, robotics, IT, or the energy sector. Kyōto figures prominently with its tourism industry, as well as its media productions. Kyōto and Ōsaka are home to research institutes and universities too.

Nagoya and Chūkyō

Compared with Greater Tokyo or Keihanshin (Kansai region), the Nagoya region might seem small and almost cozy. However, Nagoya itself is still Japan’s fourth-largest city and the center of the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area.

Originally a planned town constructed around the first Tokugawa shogun’s beautiful 17th-century castle, it is now a bustling port city and a hub for Japan’s manufacturing sector. Aerospace engineering and automotive business are represented among Nagoya’s various manufacturing industries.


We do our best to keep this article up to date. However, we cannot guarantee that the information provided is always current or complete. 

Edmund Taylor

"Tokyo has so much to offer and InterNations made it much easier to become acclimated to life in this bustling city."

Marina Salgado

"In such a huge city, InterNations has created great events for expats to meet in Tokyo."

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